Surah 9: Moses Mountain’s Path of Repentance

While reading Surah 9 on Repentance, I couldn’t help to think of my time at St. Catherine’s Monastery at the base of Mt. Sinai (Moses Mountain).  The Path of Repentance is the the route up to the top of Mt. Sinai that Moses ascended twice to receive the tablets containing mitzvot from YHWH.  I took the trip with my brother and a friend.  It was a deeply spiritual experience.  

Repentance in the Christian faith centers around mindfulness of the self in relation to God and others.  It is the discipline of looking at one’s self in the mirror and gaging where one is religiously and spiritually. If changes need to be made, one makes an effort of re-dedication to God and to faithful living.  This task is especially important during the season of Advent.

In Surah 9, repentance is framed partly in an evangelical lens (to spread the message of Allah to the pagans) and also to re-focus on one’s relationship with Allah and one’s prayer life and giving charity–the latter being similar to the Christian task I explained above.  

Since Christianity and Islam both share the Israelite traditions of Moses ascending Mt. Sinai, I thought I would share a story with you about St. Catherine’s Monastery and Moses Mountain. It’s a story of repentance, interfaith cooperation, and living faithfully.  I’ve added some pictures of the monastery, the bush that dates back to the biblical account inside the monastery to which people attach prayers on paper (the burning bush story where Moses saw YHWH), and of our journey to the top.  Enjoy!  


As I was reading the above HuffPost article, as I love reading about 
adventurous roads throughout the world in hopes to someday traverse 
them on my KTM 990 motorbike, I came across the road that travels to 
St. Catherine’s Monastery, Sinai, Egypt. Now I’m sure the road to the 
monastery boasts compelling vistas (the Sinai looks more like a lunar 
landscape perfect for many outdoor activities), but the real adventure 
lies within the walls of the monastery and on the journey to the 
summit of Moses Mountain (what the Muslim bedouins call Mt. Sinai).

When I was in seminary in 2006, I had the privilege to tag along with 
my brother’s undergraduate study abroad class to Greece, Turkey, and 
Egypt. The class was called Sacred Byzaniutm. We studied Byzantine Christianity, but also the other world religions of the region like Egyptian and Greco-Roman traditions, as well as Islam. Our last destination was St. Catherine Monastery.

St. Catherine’s has its origins in the 3rd or 4th century as a Greek 
Orthodox monastic community. It is built on the site of the burning 
bush through which YHWH appeared to Moses, and the bush is living to 
this day inside the monastery walls.  Visitors, pilgrims have created 
a custom to place written prayers among the vines of this rather 
sizeable bush growing in the midst of an absolutely barren landscape. 
And not only is the burning bush there, but the monastery sits at the 
base of the famous Mt. Sinai where Moses received the tablets upon 
which the ten commandments were written (he actually received them 
twice if you remember the story, the first set were shattered in the 
golden calf fiasco).

But for me, the most amazing aspect of the monastery at Moses Mountain 
is its history of participation in the interfaith movement. The 
monastery contains one of the world’s most important and extensive 
religious libraries. Ancient manuscripts abound, some of which are 
the oldest translations of Christian sacred scriptures. As the 
resident librarian monk, who hailed from El Paso, energetically told 
stories relating to the manuscripts, one story really caught my 
attention. The library had an original letter written by the Prophet 
Mohammad, SAW. During the rise of the Prophet, SAW, and his followers 
in the Arab world, as the area including Egypt became (pre)Islamic, 
Mohammad, SAW, had written a letter to give to the Christian monks of 
St. Catherine. The letter was a peace offering to the monks, outlining 
Mohammad’s, SAW, respect for their tradition, assertion of their value 
as friends of Islam, and the letter finally charged the Bedouin 
Muslims that lived around the monastery to protect the monastery from 
intruders, and to live in harmony with them as people of different 
faith in one community. That began what is now a 1500 year old 
interfaith community of cooperation. The bedouins still live in 
harmony with the monks, sharing resources, meals, and small business 
in the area.offers of the interfaith business ventures offers a camelcaravan for pilgrims to ride up to the summit of Moses Mountain.

My brother, myself, and our friend Joe Aziz decided to pass on the 
camels and ascend the mountain by foot. They have preserved the Path 
of Moses, which is also called the path of repentance, which ascends 
3700 steps to an elevation of 7500. We decided to try that pilgrim 
path, the same path of many monks and pilgrims who followed in the footsteps of Moses. 

But the most striking part of the journey was at the summit, where I 
found 3 religious sites, commemorating YHWH’s conversation with Moses. 
There was a Jewish, Christian, and Muslim site. All three faiths 
sharing the story, the wonder, the mystery of this great event. I 
remember sitting at the top, not thinking of my Christisn identity, 
per se, but how I felt so connected to both Judaism and Islam. I 
wondered how our how our relationships with each other can be 
sometimes so strained and divisive, when we have a tradition of being 
a community of cooperation, love, and respect, in places like Sinai, a 
most holy and miraculous place, for hundreds of years. I hope, in a 
time of religious turmoil, in a time when advocating for religious 
pluralism may be our most pressing task as a community, I hope that 
the interfaith history, the interfaith story of Mt. Sinai, written by 
our most revered prophets and characters shared by our shared 
Abrahamic faiths, can serve as a beacon of hope, a movement of the 
spirit of God, that can guide us along the Path of Moses, the path of 
repentance, the path of interfaith cooperation.



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